发布时间：2022-06-01 11:34 点击：
Mastering the characteristics of interpretation will be of great help to interpretation. What are the characteristics of interpretation?
A strong sense of scene is a prominent feature of interpretation, which is manifested in two aspects: timeliness and interactivity. Among them, timeliness is manifested in that the input and output processes of interpretation are real-time and one-time. From the perspective of input, the speaker usually speaks only once and has no opportunity to listen repeatedly. From the perspective of output, translators have only one chance to translate. Although in some cases, the output can be reprocessed by means of repetition, interpretation, supplement and correction, in most cases, there is only one opportunity.
Interactivity is that in the process of interpretation, the speaker and the interpreter must appear at the same time and place (in telephone and video interpretation, it is realized through modern communication technology). One of the results is that there is interaction between the speaker and the interpreter. In addition, translators should also consider the impact of nonverbal information on output, such as how to convey information through appropriate body language.
In addition to the prominent feature of strong sense of scene, interpretation is also reflected in the following aspects.
Improvised stress. Interpretation is an impromptu bilingual rumor activity that can not be predicted. Interpreters need to immediately enter the bilingual code switching state to carry out the current on-site interpretation operation under the condition of limited preparation. There was great pressure on the scene, especially in some interpretation scenes, such as international conferences and diplomatic negotiations. The serious atmosphere in formal occasions will cause great psychological pressure on inexperienced translators, and the tension will affect the translator's self-confidence.
Three dimensional comprehensive. Interpretation is a language operation activity that comprehensively uses knowledge and skills such as vision, listening, speaking, reading and writing. The interpreter must have the ability to observe and capture the nonverbal factors such as the speaker's facial expression, gesture, posture and emotional changes; The ability to listen and understand all kinds of words with local accents and different speech speeds; Ability to express ideas fluently in native and foreign languages; The ability to take notes quickly and understand quickly in the process of interpretation. Interpretation is a three-dimensional and cross mode of information transmission.
Complexity of content. There is no limit to the scope of the interpreter's interpretation. The content can range from astronomy to geography. It is all inclusive and complex. The service objects of interpretation are people from all walks of life, from all walks of life, with different educational and cultural backgrounds. In the process of communication, they will express their familiar professional knowledge intentionally or unintentionally, which is an unavoidable reality for interpreters. The interpreter must be a master of Pepsi.
Individual operability. The translator is a single individual worker whose work has strong independent operability. Interpretation needs to be completed on the spot and in time. What an interpreter usually hears is words that are only spoken once and no longer repeated. While correctly understanding, he must immediately and independently translate at one time. Usually, the interpreter is basically helpless in the whole process of interpretation. The interpreter must deal with any problems that may be encountered independently at any time.
Cross cultural communication. As a cross-cultural communication activity, interpretation is not the decoding from the original sentence to the target sentence, but after receiving the original sentence, it must go through the transformation of information concept in order to express the meaning of the source language in the target language. The mode of interpretation consists of three parts: the source language input on the left, the target language output on the right, and the information concept transformation connecting the left and right.